Cocaine detox significantly reduces the amount of dopamine – the feel-good chemical – in the brain. Consequently, when you take lower doses or stop using the drug, you will develop symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Cocaine addiction treatment programs aim to make this transition comfortable while helping you avoid the severe consequences of chronic drug use.
It is wise to seek professional help if you want to detox from cocaine, Cocaine addiction rehab usually occurs in three phases.
This holistic approach addresses your mental health issues, physical problems, and potential complications of withdrawal.
The first step of cocaine addiction treatment is the assessment, where a doctor will check if you have an underlying mental health problem, heart disease, or drug dependence. For this purpose, they may order routine tests, such as:
Once they diagnose your condition, they will give you medications to alleviate mood and relieve irritability. For example, some commonly used drugs in cocaine withdrawal are anti-anxiety agents and antidepressants. Besides, your doctor may prescribe medicines to lower your blood pressure.
In the meantime, they will also observe and monitor you for depression and suicidal thoughts/behaviors.
Drug therapy is often combined with psychotherapy. In psychotherapy, you will work with a therapist to learn skills and tools to control cravings and cope with psychological issues. A type of psychotherapy – CBT (cognitive-behavioral therapy) – is widely used in cocaine addiction treatment. CBT helps a drug user identify and replace the psychological causes of cocaine addiction.
Cocaine withdrawal happens when someone who has used large amounts of cocaine reduces the dose or stops taking the drug. Besides, it may occur even when someone has not completely discontinued the drug and has some drug in their system.
Most users have minor physical withdrawal symptoms but profound psychological effects. Cocaine withdrawal typically involves three distinct phases.
The first phase happens when a heavy user abruptly stops taking cocaine. Because cocaine has a short half-life (about 1.5 hours), the withdrawal symptoms occur rapidly, usually within hours to a few days after the last intake.
Phase 2 can last from 1-10 weeks and usually includes:
During this stage, you may have occasional cravings triggered by external factors, such as visiting the place where you used to take the drug. Some people may experience mild dysphoria. The extinction phase can last up to 28 weeks.
In most cases, it takes 1 to 10 weeks to detox cocaine. That said, some symptoms may persist up to 28 weeks in heavy or chronic users. Notably, the symptoms tend to become milder over time.
Addiction experts have repeatedly opined that withdrawal under medical supervision is the best way to detox cocaine out of your system.
Since cocaine withdrawal mainly causes psychological symptoms, many people think that detox is unnecessary.
However, this approach can backfire, as cocaine use can moderate suicidal attempts if you already have a co-occurring mental illness. Notably, even if you have no underlying mental health issue, detox can cause uncomfortable psychological effects and impair your quality of life.
Besides, medical detox is also necessary if you have a history of relapses in the previous withdrawal attempts.
Considering the profound risk of serious complications, most experts recommend enrolling in an inpatient program. Inpatient treatments offer 24-hour supervision that is crucial to addressing both cocaine dependence and an underlying mental health issue.
When choosing the most appropriate detox program, it is crucial to consider the required level of care, insurance coverage, and commitment. Silicon Valley Recovery offers a comprehensive Cocaine Addiction Treatment to help you at every step of your recovery process.